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  PRESENTATION OF THE TERRITORY
Partez à la découverte du Ségala à travers sa géographie, son histoire et son économie actuelle. En quelques clics, vous trouverez les éléments clés pour comprendre ce territoire rural toujours bien vivant.

Geography and geology of Ségala

Natural Region Ségala extends southwest of the Aveyron valley between Viaur and Aveyron valley. Located between 200 and 800 meters high on the ridge that connects Rieupeyroux Baraqueville, the Segala offers contrasting landscapes of funds between valleys, wild and wooded peaks or plateaus still dominates today an agriculture oriented towards livestock bovine meat quality. The hilly Segala was given the name "Land of 100 valleys" as its drainage network is dense.

Demographics

In 1886, the Segala knows its maximum population, that is to say, the year he scored the highest number of inhabitants. Since then he suffered a steady decline in its population losing nearly 40% of its population.

Today this population tends to focus on market towns a century ago when it was evenly distributed throughout the territory. Today the most common remote from major routes of communication (around Viaur Valley in particular) are most affected, unlike the towns closest to the urban center of Rodez receive an infusion of new population .

However, the Segala remains a rural area whose population density is still high (24.8 m / km ²), despite a continuing decline in its population (-6.11% between the last two censuses of 1990 and 1999) but aging population and the exodus of young people suggest if the trend continues, a continuation of this negative trend. Especially since the demographic crisis after assigning the most rural municipalities, now affects also the chief towns of Canton.

Baraqueville only seen a steady of its population because of its proximity to increasingly assertive with Rodez.

Some indicators are more positive because the decline of the labor force is much slower than the overall population. Again the different areas composing the Segala however, are not subject to the same dynamic

A little history

 

Originally, the Segala is a poor land because of its siliceous acids which did not allow to grow wheat.

If we imagine the agricultural landscape of Segala 150 years ago, there was one hand the trays were covered with heath and woodland, on the other valleys or concentrated habitat and crops as the soils were richer in silt.

Rye was grown, a less demanding crop than wheat in soils. This rye gave his name to this country: the Segala.

Yields were very low and very poor Ségalis.

The chestnut and potato (about 1816 - 1817) saved the country several times of scarcity. Livestock was also poor, heath trays and served as fallow pasture.

But all this would change with the arrival of lime on the Segala which allowed to amend the land. She arrived first Carmaux through wealthy landowners (because of high transportation costs).

In 1890, the agricultural crisis caused a major population exodus to Paris and those who remained ventured to clear the plates and leave the valley bottoms, which now are won by the forest.

In 1902, with construction of the railway viaduct Viaur and the opening of the Rodez-Carmaux, lime can happen by the trainload on the Segala and gradually, wheat replaces rye.

Yields become much better and new fertilizers and crop reaches: potatoes, beets, corn and clover.

By 1930, it is the mechanization of agriculture, then to 1950-1960, we can say that the Segala is one of the finest agricultural lands of southern France.

It is a real transformation that undergoes landscapes with the agricultural revolution associated with the transportation revolution

 

The economy of Segala: Current status, future challenges

 

The agricultural sector is still dominant with men motivated and attached to their land (37% of assets in 1997).

This commitment is reflected by high installation and rejuvenation of farm managers.

This is still not enough to offset retirements since 10 years, one third of the farms disappeared.

 

The Segala is characterized by a relatively high density of development with production tools modernized and efficient, but hampered in their development by the limitations of productions and small structures.

 

To overcome its difficulties, reflections on diversification and quality processes are involved: Aveyron veal and Ségala, farm lamb from Aveyron Red Label.

 

The craft is an important economic sector with 400 companies in 2001 and 654 employees.

There has been a stabilization in the number of companies with a turnover of tissue by an average of 25 facilities per year.

These companies are generally smaller than the county average and 18% of them are responsible for over 55 years. Ups of the area are strong account because a survival rate of 80% after 5 years (only 50% nationally).

There is now a stable number of craft enterprises on the Segala.

 

The industrial land Ségala Living is significant with 32 production companies that employ about 550 employees. The timber industry and that of food predominate. Arrive at the store is a real issue for local development.

These businesses are mainly in the cantons of Baraqueville, and Naucelle Rieupeyroux, the latter township welcoming setting the most important, namely the furniture Belloubet.

 

Le Ségala
 

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Office de tourisme Pays Segali
Place Jean Boudou 12800 Naucelle
Tél.:05 65 67 16 42
Courriel : o.t.naucellois@orange.fr
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